How to protect your pension income during volatility

Pensioners are taking advantage of the Pension Freedoms. Introduced in 2015, the changes offered more flexibility in how people can take an income in retirement, but at the same time gave pensioners more responsibilities too.

For retirees that have chosen to leave some, or, all of their pension invested, protecting its value and the income it provides is important. Here, we outline some of the options and considerations.

Flexi-Access Drawdown, as it is called, allows pensioners to leave some or all their pension invested, rather than purchasing an Annuity that provides a guaranteed income. It’s an attractive option for two key reasons:

  • Firstly, it allows pensioners to withdraw flexible amounts of money when it suits them. As lifestyles and aspirations change in retirement, this can be beneficial.
  • Secondly, as the money remains invested, it has an opportunity to continue growing. With retirement now lasting longer, it’s a useful way to potentially boost pension income.

But how can remaining invested during retirement affect your income, and why might you need to protect it?

As with all investments, there’s a chance it decreases in value. Should you decide to make a withdrawal at a low point, you would need to sell a larger percentage of your pension fund to receive the same level of income. This means that your savings are used more quickly which reduces future growth too. This is known as pound-cost-ravaging.

As a result, it’s recommended that retirees take a lower level of income when their investments are underperforming. However, it’s a step that many fail to take. According to research from Zurich:

  • 36% of people keeping their pension invested through retirement do not have a cash safety net to fall back on, meaning they could be hit if markets fall
  • Among the 64% that are holding cash in reserve, fewer than one in ten would think to use it if there was a significant drop in the stock market
  • 49% of people taking an income in drawdown said they would continue to withdraw the same amount in the event of a market correction; just 12% would scale back withdrawals

Alistair Wilson, Zurich’s Head of Retail Platform Strategy, recently said in the news: A staggering number of retirees appear to be in the dark over how to protect their pensions if stock markets tumble. Withdrawing the same level of income in a downturn could take a bigger bite out of your pension fund – yet it’s a trap that’s easily avoided.

What steps can you take to protect your pension?

1. Hold a cash reserve

Holding some of your savings in a cash reserve gives you the means to ride out bumps in the market. If investment values fall, using your cash assets, rather than withdrawing from your pension, can help protect value.

How much you should hold as a reserve depends on your personal circumstances, including living expenses. Many retirees are taking the necessary action but the research suggests a high portion will be reluctant to use their cash even though it could improve value and wealth in the long term.

2. Understand what withdrawal rate is sustainable

Understanding how much you can afford to withdraw from your pension over time is a critical step before you proceed with Flexi-Access Drawdown. When you choose this route, you’re responsible for ensuring that your pension will continue to support you throughout your life.

Again, a sustainable level will depend on your personal circumstances. But an annual withdrawal rate of around 3% can be a benchmark for some. If the value of investments falls, so too will the withdrawal amount.

3. Regularly review investment performance

If your pension does remain invested in retirement, an active role in monitoring its performance is key, as this will impact on your income. While monitoring pension performance, it’s important to remember that short-term market volatility is normal. Don’t panic if you see that your pension has decreased in value but do have a plan in place for when it happens.

4. Take action when needed

Reviews alone aren’t enough. If investment values fall, scaling back the amount you’re withdrawing or even stopping can help preserve the value of your pension in the long term. Having assets you can fall back on is very useful. This is where a cash reserve can provide security should a downturn occur.

If your investments are too volatile, you may benefit from diversifying or reducing the level of investment risk you’re taking.

5. Seek professional advice

Working with a financial planner can help create a tailor-made retirement plan that works for you. Bringing together your aspirations with your pension savings. By working with a professional, you can be confident in the decisions and how potential investment downturns will affect your income.

If you’re using a Flexi-Access Drawdown product or are considering doing so, please contact us. We’ll help you understand how market volatility could affect your income in the short, medium and long term, and the steps to take to safeguard your retirement aspirations.

Please note: The value of your investment can go down as well as up and you may not get back the full amount you invested. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. Your pension income could also be affected by the interest rates at the time you take your benefits. Levels, bases of and reliefs from taxation may be subject to change and their value depends on the individual circumstances of the investor.